Safe Work Procedures for Lifting with a Crane Truck: 9 You Need to Know [State 2023] (2023)

Safe Work Procedures for Lifting with a Crane Truck: 9 You Need to Know [State 2023] (1)

The use of crane trucks, also known as truck loaders under the Workplace Health and Safety (Crane Operation) Regulations, is widespread on construction and project sites in Singapore.

For example, the logistics and transportation industry uses crane trucks for various tasks. Other industries that also use crane trucks include marine, hospitality, landscaping, events, and entertainment (to some extent).

As widespread as this heavy equipment is, it is vital to understand safe work practices for crane truck lifting operations.

Because in the last ten years there has been a significant increase in accidents at work with mobile cranes.

The root cause of these crane truck related accidents is often improper use of outriggers, ground and mechanical failures, safety hazards and overall unsafe operation.

Although truck cranes are the preferred machines, due to their fast setup times, low cost, and ease of use, they can be a source of safety risks like other lifting equipment: tower cranes, mobile cranes, etc.

This guide covers some safety precautions when setting up, operating and maintaining crane trucks in Singapore.

Safe work procedure for crane truck lifting operations to hide

Assemble 1 crane truck

1.1 1. Soil conditions

1.2 2. Use of stabilizers

(Video) Why Cranes Collapse

1.3 3rd release

1.4 4. Public Spaces

2 Crane truck operation

2.1 6. Rated capacity

2.2 7. Remote controls

2.3 8. Health

2.4 9. Security

3 Use of Security Devices


4 Conclusion on Safe Work Practices for Crane Trucks

5 Frequently Asked Questions About Safe Work Practices for Crane Trucks

5.1 What are common hazards when operating a crane?

5.2 What is a crane risk assessment?

5.3 What is the difference between a crane truck and a mobile crane?

5.4 What is a crane truck used for?

Assembly of the crane truck

Before installing a mobile crane, all employees must consider the following:

  • soil conditions
  • pen insert
  • reach
  • public room
  • weather conditions

1. Ground conditions

All employees must ensure that the ground on which the truck-mounted crane is installed can withstand all forces.

You should do a pre-op assessment to make sure the ground is strong enough. A designated person must also consider the maximum vertical load per stabilizer as specified by the equipment manufacturer and load details.

2. Using the pen

"Outrigger" means the stabilizer system, including stabilizer arms and vertical stabilizer legs. The system was developed to ensure and improve the lifting stability of the crane and truck.

Per WSH standards, the crane operator is responsible for ensuring that the boom is secured and fully extended.

Additionally, barriers should not be placed on the following types of surfaces:

  • Grassy/slippery spots
  • drain grate
  • cemented path
  • Moist/sandy soil
  • manhole covers

If the ground was determined to be unsafe for the equipment's carrying capacity during the preoperative evaluation, the operator must take all possible safety precautions.

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For example, they can use stabilizer pads to distribute the applied forces. The operator must adequately communicate to the lifting team any stability measures taken.

3. release

All responsible persons and the operator should choose a place where the truck-mounted crane can be installed and operated properly.

There must be sufficient distance between the truck-mounted crane and all surrounding hazards (eg, power lines, construction materials, and other obstacles).

4. Public spaces

When carrying out projects with a truck crane on a public road, all employees must comply with the requirements of the Road Traffic Law and the Road Construction Law.

Everyone involved in the operation should be aware of the following:

  • Vertical headroom clearance (for example, overhead bridges)
  • Properly store the crane arm. (No one should disable the boom retract limit switch)
  • speed limit on the street

5. Weather conditions

During the monsoon season (December-March and June-September), crane truck operators must take preventive measures against inclement weather (eg strong gusts of wind, rain, etc.). Different locations have different protocols and procedures that tow truck operators must follow. In the event of adverse weather conditions, the site will implement a work freeze to ensure the safety of all workers.

Operate the crane truck

There are also safety precautions when operating a truck mounted crane. We will talk more about:

  • rated capacity
  • remote controls
  • Health
  • Security

6. Rated capacity

The lifting capacity of the truck crane is the amount of load that the equipment can lift for a given configuration or load position.

Crane truck rating should be determined based on several factors:

  • The rated capacity defined by the crane manufacturer.
  • truck chassis type
  • Procedure for placing the crane on the truck chassis
  • tip factor

7. Remote controls

Remote controls offer several advantages for crane truck operation, such as: B. flexible positioning. This keeps the operator safe from moving parts and falling debris.

However, remote control operations can be dangerous if not safely supervised. Here are some preventative measures to take when operating a truck-mounted crane with a remote control:

  • Make sure that all control levers and the emergency stop button work properly.
  • Please fully charge the remote control before use. A spare battery should be available.
  • Use the remote control strap and make sure fingers are free when lifting and handling.
  • The remote control operator must be familiar with the operating environment and be safely located in areas within sight of the crane truck.
  • Avoid using the remote control while operating the crane truck at the same time.
  • Disable the remote when not in use to prevent possible fatalities
  • Do not go under the load or boom when lifting.
  • Do not stand or sit near the load.

8. Health

While proper maintenance of the crane truck is essential, it is also important that the operator provide a medical certificate. This certifies that you are physically fit to drive a truck or mobile crane.

While tow truck operators are not required to be registered, it is highly recommended that they undergo regular medical examinations to identify any potential health risks.

9. Security

Operators must also keep records documenting the use of crane trucks. These protocols prevent untrained personnel from using the truck-mounted crane, which can be extremely dangerous. In addition, an officer must periodically download the crane's data recorder to ensure that no illegal evasion has occurred.

When the truck-mounted crane is operated by a remote control, the operator must be careful to remove the control key when the device is not in use.

They must also store the remote control in a safe place that can only be accessed by authorized personnel.

Use of security devices.

Safety devices such as sensors, warning systems, stability systems, and emergency stop controls must be in proper working order before operating a mobile crane.

  • Audible Warning Systems – Fully retractable truck cranes must have an audible warning system linked to a buzzer in the cab. Crane arms that cannot be fully retracted can be equipped with an angle sensor on the inner arm instead of a limit switch.
  • Emergency Stop Controls – Emergency stop buttons stop crane operation in an emergency. They can be found near the control panels.
  • Stability Control System – There are cases where the truck mounted crane needs to be used in small areas where the operator cannot fully extend the outriggers. The charger must have a manufacturer-approved stability control system (SCS) or equivalent feature. SCS includes capacity limiters that monitor outrigger position and limit lift capacity. The SCS also provides real-time calculations of the boom system's allowable working ranges. This will prevent the tow truck from overloading or tipping over.

Conclusion on Safe Work Practices for Crane Trucks

crane trucks and otherstypes of cranesThey are used in various industries to lift loads, unload heavy loads, and move loads from one place to another.

However, safety issues can also arise from improper storage, use, and maintenance of a truck-mounted crane.

therefore takeCrane truck coursesand general observance of safety precautions is necessary to avoid accidents and keep a mobile crane safe to work with.

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Contact Pollisum at +65 67557600 for more information.Fan,tractor,gruas moviles,All Terrain Crane (RT)., YCrane Truck Rental in Singaporefor your transportation needs.

Frequently Asked Questions on Safe Work Practices for Crane Trucks

What are the common dangers when operating a crane?

These are the most common dangers when using cranes:

  • electric shock
  • Herabfallende Infantil
  • falling high
  • Injuries from moving parts
  • Extreme weather conditions
  • blinding lights
  • Poor visibility

What is a crane risk assessment?

A crane risk assessment identifies all factors that could affect the safe use of cranes on construction sites. A risk assessment may include weather and soil conditions, installation locations, access routes, etc.

What is the difference between a crane truck and a mobile crane?

Truck-mounted cranes or crane trucks are cranes that are mounted on a truck chassis. They are street legal. A mobile crane is now more broadly defined. It can be a crawler crane (crawler crane) or a wheel mounted crane, usually not road legal.

What is the purpose of a crane truck?

Crane trucks are designed to lift, lower, or move heavy loads from one location to another, often at great heights.

These are the most common dangers when using cranes:

  • electric shock
  • Herabfallende Infantil
  • falling high
  • Injuries from moving parts
  • Extreme weather conditions
  • blinding lights
  • Poor visibility

"}},{"@type": "Question","name": "What is a crane risk assessment?", "acceptedAnswer": {"@type": "Answer","text": "

A crane risk assessment identifies all factors that could affect the safe use of cranes on construction sites. A risk assessment may include weather and soil conditions, installation locations, access routes, etc.

"}},{"@type": "Question","name": "What is the difference between a crane truck and a mobile crane?"","acceptedAnswer": {"@type": "Answer", " letter" : "

Truck-mounted cranes or crane trucks are cranes that are mounted on a truck chassis. They are street legal. A mobile crane is now more broadly defined. It can be a crawler crane (crawler crane) or a wheel mounted crane, usually not road legal.

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"}},{"@type": "Question","name": "What is the purpose of a crane truck?"","acceptedAnswer": {"@type": "Answer","text": "

Crane trucks are designed to lift, lower, or move heavy loads from one location to another, often at great heights.



What is a safe work method statement crane truck? ›

A safe work method statement for cranes enables a company, team or project to properly outline their approach to working with cranes. This includes basic safety requirements like training and instructions and PPE, as well as a comprehensive dive into different job steps and their associated hazards and controls.

What are 3 safety tips when dealing with cranes? ›

Stay out from under crane booms, buckets and suspended loads, and watch for falling objects. Wear a hard hat if you're working anywhere near a crane. Wear gloves to protect your hands. Never enter a roped-off or barricaded area near a crane.

What is the OSHA standard for cranes? ›

The scope of the cranes standard at 29 CFR 1926.1400(a) is limited to "power-operated equipment, when used in construction, that can hoist, lower, and horizontally move a suspended load." OSHA specifically notes in the standard that "a crane on a monorail" is included within the scope of the new standard.

What are 3 safe work practices? ›

1.2 Incorporate safe work practices into all workplace activities. 1.3 Follow safety directions of supervisors, managers and workplace safety warning signs. 1.4 Use personal protective equipment and clothing. 1.5 Promptly report unsafe work practices, issues and breaches of health, safety and security procedures.

What are the 3 stages of a safe system of work? ›

Develop a safe working method; Implement a safe working method; Monitor the safe system of work and working method to ensure that they continue to be implemented and remain effective.

What are safe work practices provide three 3 examples? ›

Identify hazards and risk control methods.
Wear appropriate personal protective equipment, including:
  • goggles and a face shield;
  • rubberised oil resistant gloves to cover the hands and lower arms;
  • rubberised oil resistant apron long enough to cover the lower legs; and,
  • footwear closed over toes and non-slip soles.

What are the four major types of crane accidents? ›

The main four causes of crane accidents are contact with power lines, overturns, falls, and mechanical failure.

What are the six main causes of crane accidents? ›

Six Ways Crane Accidents Occur
  • Cranes buckling or collapsing. Cranes have weight limits to ensure they do not tip over. ...
  • Improper crane assembly. A major reason booms collapse is improper assembly of the crane. ...
  • Improper employee training. ...
  • Mechanical failures. ...
  • Contact with electrical lines. ...
  • Inspections.
Oct 22, 2021

Does OSHA require a crane lift plan? ›

Answer 3: Yes. You must comply with all require- ments of the standard because your employee, the operator, would be exposed to any hazards resulting from the crane's operation.

What is the OSHA standard for lifting? ›

Based off the NIOSH Lifting Equation, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommends the weight limit for individual lifting be 50 pounds. When lifting more than 50 pounds, it is recommended to use a lifting device or two or more people. Don't hold your breath while lifting.

What are the legal requirements for the safety of lifting equipment? ›

All lifting operations involving lifting equipment must be: properly planned by a competent person. appropriately supervised, and. carried out in a safe manner.

What are the 7 safe lifting techniques? ›

Whether you're a powerlifter or just starting out - the 7 steps...
  • Base of Support. ...
  • Bend from your hips and knees. ...
  • Grip the load firmly. ...
  • Hold the load close to your body. ...
  • Don't lift and twist or side bend. ...
  • Control your posture. ...
  • Activate your core stability muscles immediately prior and during the lift.
Mar 20, 2019

What are the top ten 10 lifting rules? ›

10 elements to safe lifting technique
  • Have a stable base of support. ...
  • Hold the load as close to the body as possible. ...
  • Keep the natural curve in the back. ...
  • Bend the knees. ...
  • Co-contract stomach and back muscles. ...
  • Keep shoulders back. ...
  • Stick buttocks out. ...
  • Get a good grip on the object.
Oct 31, 2022

What is the golden rule of lifting? ›

If you need to lift something from the ground, bend your legs to lower yourself down, but don't go down on one knee unless absolutely necessary. Next, grasp the object, tighten the muscles of your stomach, back and hips, and lift. If needed, rest the object on one knee and take a moment to adjust your grip.

What is the first key rule of lifting? ›

The first key rule of lifting is to always keep your back in an upright position and lift without twisting. The power lift is the safest and most powerful way to lift.

When planning the lift what are 6 things to consider? ›

Factors to include may be any or all of the following:
  • working under suspended loads.
  • visibility.
  • attaching / detaching and securing loads.
  • environment.
  • location.
  • overturning.
  • proximity hazards.
  • derating.
Nov 12, 2021

What are 10 safety rules at work? ›

Top 10 safety tips for the workplace
  • Understand risks. ...
  • Be aware of your surroundings at all time. ...
  • Know where the first aid kit/officer are. ...
  • Taking regular breaks. ...
  • Always using equipment properly. ...
  • Pay attention to signage. ...
  • Know where emergency exits are. ...
  • Keep emergency exist accessible.
Sep 7, 2022

What are 5 safe work practices? ›

Let's take a look at some of the methods you can implement in your workplace to keep accidents at a minimum:
  • Method 1: Keeping a Tidy Workplace.
  • Method 2: Equipment Inspection, Maintenance & Selection.
  • Method 3: Create a Safety Plan.
  • Method 4: Training & Qualifications.
  • Method 5: Record Keeping.
May 16, 2022

What are the 3 E's of safety OSHA? ›

When it comes to safety the person who is at risk for injury must be aware of the hazard and what can be done to control the hazard and prevent injury. This is one of the three E's of safety: Evaluation, Education, and Enforcement.

What are the 7 core elements of a safety program? ›

The OSHA recommendations include seven core elements for a safety and health program: management leadership; worker participation; hazard identification and assessment; hazard prevention and control; education and training; program evaluation and improvement; and communication and coordination for host employers, ...

What are the 4 general safety rules? ›

The Basics of Safety
  • STAY ALERT - and stay alive. ...
  • WEAR THE RIGHT CLOTHES - work clothes should fit properly. ...
  • USE THE RIGHT TOOLS - if you need a hammer, get a hammer. ...
  • LEARN HOW TO LIFT - Lifting takes more than muscle; it is an art.

What is a safe work procedure policy? ›

A Safe Work Procedure (SWP) is a step-by-step process of how to safely conduct a task. Before writing a safe work procedure, a Risk Assessment must be a completed. Once the procedure is written, individuals need to be trained on the procedure and that training needs to be documented.

What are four 4 components of a safe workplace? ›

The four factors OSHA recommends include management commitment and employee involvement, worksite safety analysis, hazard prevention and control, and safety and health training.

What is the number one killer in crane accidents? ›

Crane accident fatalities occur from a variety of causes. The most common cause of fatalities is workers or bystanders who are struck by an object that falls from the cranes. Other causes include being run over by a crane, falling from a crane, and electrocution.

What is crane checklist? ›

This crane safety checklist from OSHA covers tips such as: Determine the adequacy of ground conditions beneath the equipment set-up area, such as the support/foundation, matting, cribbing, blocking, etc. Check for visible indications of repairs of the equipment.

What is the safest angle of the crane? ›

When the boom is raised to 72 degrees as indicated -by the lower triangular end 24 of pointer 22, the pointer 20 simultaneously indicates the maximum allowable load at 4% tons which informs the operator that this boom angle of 72 degrees to the horizontal must be maintained for safe lifting.

What are the most common crane hazards? ›

The three most common hazards involving overhead cranes include electrical hazards, overloading, and materials falling/slipping from overhead hoists.

What type of hand signals should be used for crane safety? ›

Arm extended forward, hand open and slightly raised, make pushing motion in direction of travel. Clasp hands in front of body. (Both Tracks). Use both fists in front of body, making a circular motion about each other, indicating direction of travel, forward or backward (for land cranes only).

What are hazards in a crane area? ›

Common risks associated with cranes and lifting equipment include: falling objects (e.g. materials, components) due to plant or equipment failure or operator error. operators falling while accessing the crane or performing maintenance. plant rollovers or collapse in the event of a structural failure.

What are the 3 major causes of heavy equipment fatalities? ›

Human error and negligence
  • 75% caused property damage.
  • 58% caused injury or death”
Nov 29, 2021

What are three things you should inspect before using a crane? ›

Check that the wire rope is properly seated. Ensure that it is not twisted, kinked or damaged. Check all other limit devices for proper functionality. Train all crane operators on the functionality of all new cranes.

What are 3 common causes of accidents? ›

Ten of the most common causes of car accidents include:
  • Distracted driving.
  • Drunk and drugged driving.
  • Poor weather.
  • Reckless driving and road rage.
  • Speeding.
  • Running red and yellow lights.
  • Running stop signs.
  • Improper turns.
Oct 22, 2021

What are the seven 7 Steps to safely lift a load? ›

Follow these seven steps to safely lift and save your back at the same time:
  1. Base of Support. ...
  2. Bend from your hips and knees. ...
  3. Grip the load firmly. ...
  4. Hold the load close to your body. ...
  5. Don't lift and twist or side bend. ...
  6. Control your posture. ...
  7. Activate your core stability muscles immediately prior and during the lift.
Mar 20, 2019

What are the 6 steps to lift safely? ›

Page 1
  • Identify the object, plan ahead • Where do you need to take the load? • ...
  • 2 Holding. the object • Make a decision on how and where to hold the object. ...
  • 3 Posture. • ...
  • 4 Lifting. • ...
  • 5 Walking. with a load • Keep the load as close to your body as possible with your arms straight. ...
  • 6 Unloading. •

What is the first step in the 8 steps of safe lifting? ›

  • Size up the load. Make sure the load is stable, balanced and light enough for you to safely lift. ...
  • Plan the job. Find a route that is free of slip and trip hazards. ...
  • Establish a base of support. ...
  • Bend at your knees. ...
  • Get a grip. ...
  • Lift with your legs, not your back. ...
  • Keep the load close. ...
  • Pivot; don't twist.

What are the 3 types of lifting? ›

The three main schools of lifting include powerlifting, Olympic lifting, and bodybuilding. If you're new to the world of strength, these different weightlifting exercises may seem similar enough. These areas of strength all involve weight and resistance training, but the equipment and goals of each are very different.

How many steps are there to safe lifting? ›

8 Steps to Safer Lifting & Handling.

What are the 3 main points to remember when lifting from a lower level? ›

Adopting a good posture: When lifting from a low level, bend your knees. Keep your back straight, maintaining its natural curve. Keep your shoulders level and facing in the same direction as your hips. Getting a firm grip: Try to keep your arms within the boundary formed by your legs.

What are the 3 main areas you must check before using a hoist? ›

What checks should be in place?
  • Check 1 – Check the hoist has been serviced in the last 6 months. ...
  • Check 2 – Check the hoist unit is fully functional. ...
  • Check 3 – Check the sling is correct and in good condition. ...
  • Check 4 – Check the safe working load of the hoist is adequate for the transfer.
Apr 9, 2019


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